Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Reactance and personality : assessing psychological reactance using a biopsychosocial and person-centered approach
Author: Moreira, Paulo
Inman, Richard A.
Cloninger, C. Robert
Keywords: Reactance
Person-centered approach
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Moreira, P.A.S., Inman, R.A. & Cloninger, C.R. (2021). Reactance and personality: assessing psychological reactance using a biopsychosocial and person-centered approach. Curr Psychol (2021).
Abstract: Reactance is a critical concept for understanding adolescents’ noncompliance and resistance to behavioral change. Traditionally, reactance has been conceptualized as a state comprising negative emotions and cognitions. However, research indicates that one’s proneness to reactance can be considered a personality trait. The present study aimed to develop a current understanding of individual differences in trait reactance from a biopsychosocial perspective. Adolescents (n = 1,837) completed Cloninger’s Junior Temperament and Character Inventory and two validated measures of trait reactance. A person-centered analytical approach was used to assess how clusters of adolescents with distinct temperament profiles, character profiles (Latent Profile Analysis), and integrated temperament-character personality networks (Latent Class Analysis) differed in reactance. High reactance was characteristic of adolescents with temperament profiles involving high novelty seeking and low harm avoidance. High behavioral reactance was characteristic of adolescents with immature character profiles. Finally, high reactance was characteristic of adolescents with integrated personality networks reflecting emotional instability, immature intentionality, and low self-awareness. This study expands current knowledge by showing how individual differences in trait reactance correspond to structural differences in personality. Specifically, our findings indicate that high trait reactance in adolescents is an expression of maladaptive organizations of biopsychosocial processes. This more nuanced understanding of trait reactance can aid the development of contexts (e.g. clinical, educational, society, communication) for promoting positive outcomes in adolescents will all types of personality
Description: This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) and is subject to Springer Nature’s AM terms of use, but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at:
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Prof. Paulo Moreira, Instituto de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Universidade Lusíada, Rua de Moçambique 21 e 71, Porto 4100-348, Portugal. Email:
Peer reviewed: yes
ISSN: 1046-1310
Document Type: Article
Appears in Collections:[ILID-CIPD] Artigos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
2021_Curr.Psychol - React_Personality.pdfArticle1,01 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail

FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInDiggGoogle BookmarksMySpace
Formato BibTex mendeley Endnote Logotipo do DeGóis Logotipo do Orcid 

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons