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Title: Addressing a need for valid measures of trait reactance in adolescents: A further test of the Hong Reactance Scale
Author: Moreira, Paulo
Cunha, Diana
Inman, Richard A.
Keywords: Trait reactance
Bifactor model
Hong Psychological Reactance Scale
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Taylors & Francis
Citation: Moreira, P., Cunha, D., Inman. R. A. (2018), Addressing a need for valid measures of trait reactance in adolescents: A further test of the Hong Reactance Scale.Journal of Personality Assessment, 102(3). Retrieved from
Abstract: Research is scant concerning the developmental aspects of trait reactance. If measures are not validated for use across different age groups, it is difficult for researchers to investigate the specificities of reactance across the lifespan. So far, the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Hong Psychological Reactance Scale (HPRS) have not been tested in adolescents. In Study 1, using data from 1,301 Portuguese adolescents (M = 14.8 years), we conducted confirmatory factor analysis to test a series of competing factor models. Post hoc modifications resulted in a bifactor model with acceptable fit. Bifactor statistical indices showed that HPRS scores are unidimensional. Path analysis via SEM indicated HPRS scores were strongly related to scores from another measure of trait reactance. Study 2, using an independent sample of 327 Portuguese adolescents (M = 14.2 years), supported modelling the HPRS with a bifactor model. Finally, our results indicated HPRS scores were negatively correlated with indicators of emotional and cognitive wellbeing, supporting a conceptualization of reactance as patterns of negative cognitions and negative affect. Overall, this study indicates the HPRS is an appropriate measure for assessing trait reactance in adolescents.
Description: Instituto de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Universidade Lusíada-Norte (Porto), Centro de Investigação em Psicologia para o Desenvolvimento (CIPD), Observatório da Melhoria e Eficácia da Escola, Porto, Portugal
Published article at: Journal of Personality Assessment.
Corresponding Author: Paulo A.S. Moreira,
Peer reviewed: yes
Other Identifiers: doi: 10.1080/00223891.2019.1585360
Document Type: Article
Appears in Collections:[ILID-CIPD] Artigos

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